Simultaneous Estimation and Validation of Analgesic and Antipyretic Drugs in Combination from Solid Dosage form by RP-HPLC

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences,2019,10,3,2340-2347.
Published:November 2020
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Anuja Jolhe1*, Pooja Wawre1, Swatee Lillhare1, Prasad Jumade2, R, Mundhada3 

1Student of Master of Pharmacy, Department of Quality Assurance, Agnihotri College of Pharmacy, Wardha 442001, Maharashtra, India. 

2Faculty in Department of Quality Assurance, Agnihotri College of Pharmacy, Wardha 442001, Maharashtra, India.

3Principal, Agnihotri College of Pharmacy, Wardha 442001, Maharashtra, India.


To develop the RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of analgesic and antipyretic drugs in combination from solid dosage form by RP-HPLC method. To validate the developed RP-HPLC method as per ICH guidelines. Tramadol hydrochloride is a centrally acting analgesic. HPLC is a chromatographic technique that can separate a mixture of compounds and is used in biochemistry and analytical chemistry to identify, quantify and purify the individual components of the mixture. System suitability test in that Capacity factor, Tailing factor, Resolution, Selectivity, Separation factor, Theoretical plates, Regression coefficient, STD for intercept, LOQ, LOD, Repeatability, Precision studies, Linearity/Calibration studies, Robustness, Force degradation/Stability indicating studies, Specificity, Drug recovery/accuracy studies. The system suitability test performed for acetaminophen and tramadol has achieved all guideline criteria; including, tailing factor (T), separation factors (α), theoretical plates (N), capacity factor (k’), resolution (R) and RSD (%) values as per the obligatory requirements of ICH and US-FDA. The validated stress degradation studies under thermal, oxidative, alkali and acid ascertained no possible degradation products developed for tramadol but as observed acetaminophen was slightly degraded in dilute HCl (0.1N HCl) and peroxide (3% H2O2). This developed method by reverse phase liquid chromatography (HPLC) can be used for routine analysis of simultaneous estimation of acetaminophen and tramadol for its high precision, reproducibility, and accuracy for any marketed formulation containing either or both of acetaminophen and tramadol.

Table No.6 Force degradation data of ACP and TRM; thermal degradation at 60˚C