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Prevalence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a Defined Population in Iran over the last 10 years

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences,2014,4,1,948-950.
Published:February 2014
Type:Short Communication
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Jamileh Beigom Taheri1, Soheila Nasiri2, Fatemeh Namazi3, Mina Hamian4,*, Mahin Bakhshi5, Maryam Baharvand6, Hamed mortazavi7 

1Associate Professor , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Dental Faculty Oral Medicine Department

2Associate Professor , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Medical Faculty, Dermatology Department

3Medical General Practitioner,Graduate from Shahid Beheshti Medical School

4Assistant professor, Oral Medicine Department, Qom University of Medical Sciences, School of Dentistry

5Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, School of Dentistry, Oral Medicine Department

6Associate Professor, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, School of Dentistry, Oral Medicine Department

7Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science,School of Dentistry, Oral Medicine Department

Abstract:

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of head and neck is a major health problem worldwide. It is the most prevalent oral malignancy in Iran as well as other geographic regions. Therefore the purpose of conducting this study was to sum up and summarize the existing data and determine the prevalence of Oral SCC (OSCC) in a referral center of medical faculty. 30000 records of patients referred to an academic dermatologic clinic were analyzed and their information was categorized in order to get to a general view of this high prevalent malignancy.40 (0.13%) patients were diagnosed with OSCC: 27 ( 67.5%) male and 13 (32.5%) female with the mean age of 57.5, the most prevalent affected site was tongue: 19 cases ( 47.5%), the most common feature was ulcer: 16 cases (40%), 32 cases (80%) of the patients were smoker and positive familial history was seen in 3cases (7.5%) of patients. 26 cases (65%) had studied up to primary school. combination therapy was the principle treatment plan which had been performed in 28 cases (70%) . By gathering the existing data of OSCC comprehensive information regarding age, gender, education, site, risk factors, clinical manifestations, therapeutic options, curative modalities, prognosis and survival is gained and a valuable aid in early detection can be achieved.

Socio-Demographic and clinical characteristic of the study population