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2014 / VOL-04, ISSUE-02, APRIL-JUNE 2014

Study on prevalence of allergic rhinitis in a sample population from Eastern India using the score for allergic rhinitis (SFAR) technique

By  Rudrajit paul

Research Articles

Page:  1016-1019

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a very common ailment all over the world and it is a cause of significant morbidity. Studies from variousAsia-Pacificcountries have shown rising prevalence of AR, especially in the school age population. However, studies concerning prevalence of AR in India are very scanty in number. We undertook this pilot study in Eastern India to find the prevalence of AR.We selected adult subjects coming to the medicine outdoors of a tertiary care medical college of Eastern India.After excluding patients with nasal pathology like deviated septum, we administered the Score for allergic rhinitis (SFAR) to the study subjects. Those with scores ≥7 were considered to have AR. Then the data from subjects with AR was compared to those withoutAR. We had a total of 100 study subjects. 28 among them were found to have AR by SFAR criteria. 57% (n=16) of the subjects with AR were female. 53.5% (n=15) of the subjects with AR were in the 1530 year age group. There was no significant difference in type of housing or mode of cooking at home between AR andnon-ARsubjects. This pilot study shows the considerably high prevalence of AR in eastern India. However, more studies are needed to actually depict theco-morbidfactors and allergens.

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